воскресенье, 14 июня 2015 г.

Russian honeyberry haskap (blue honeysuckle) varities.

This article is for those who don't understand Russian, first of all for my blog visitors from Canada and the US where haskap/honeyberry farming is becoming more and more popular. Blue honeysuckle bushes are very import source of nectar and pollen for bees in early spring. We recommend all the beekeepers to plant honeysuckle because it blooms early, the plant is very winter-hardy, berries are very tasty and can be compared with blueberries. Along with aronia blue honeysuckle can be farmed succesfully in northern climates as in Russia and in Canada (some parts of Alaska peharps?).
For many years honeyberries were very common only for two nations: Japanese and Russian. In both countries researchers grow and select the best berry bushes, in Canada breeding is on the way and today I will try to tell you about the best Russian honeyberry varieties and breeders who have been selecting and introducing new varieties for more than 50 years.
Blue honeysuckle selection in USSR started by several breeders and reseach centers situated in different climate zones of the country. In 2010 The Russian national selection registry contained information about 85 varieties of blue honeysuckle. In Siberia in the Bakchar community of the Tomsk region selected the best varities in the world.
According to a climate zone and a place where a variety is released all the varieties can be divided into:
1. Moscow region varieties. Released in The Central Botanic garden of the Russian Accademy of Sciences by L.Kuminov, A.Kuklina, A.Skvorzov.

Viliga 
Berries: big, 3 cm long, 1,2 gr
Taste: sweet and sour, astridgent.
Peel: thin
Productivity: 2,4 kg per bush
Bush: 2 m and more
Abscission: medium
Ripening time: 


Gzhelka
Berries: medium, 2,5 cm long, 1 gr
Taste: sweet and sour, without bitterness.
Peel: -
Crop yield: up to 2 kg per bush
Bush: up to 1,7 m
Abscission: low


Late Gzhelskaya
Berries: big, 3 cm long, 1,2 gr
Taste: sweet and sour, astridgent.
Peel: thin
Productivity: 2,4 kg per bush
Bush: 2 m and more
Abscission: medium
Ripening time: 

Early Gzhelskaya



Zimorodok


Kuminovka

Lakomka

Moskovskaya 23

Early Nizhegorodskaya
Princess Diana
Radost moya ("My dear")

Sinichka
 Fortuna
Shakhinya

Other varities: Soska, Uliana, Skoroplodnaya, Ramenskaya, Kucha mala, Kubyshka, Lulia.
2. Leningrad (Saint-Peterbourg) region varities. Released in the Pavlovsk experimental station of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Amfora
Bogdana

Viola

Volhova

Dessertnaya
Izbranniza

Lebiodushka

Malvina

Morena
Nimfa

Omega


3. Ural region varities. Released in The South Ural Insitute of holticulture and potato farming of the Russian Accademy of Sciences (Chelyabinsk city) by V.Il'in, N.Il'ina.

4. Siberian varities. 
4.1 Released in The Batchar main base of northern horticulture by I.Gidzuyk, A.Tkacheva, N.Savinkova, A.Pavlovskaya. The base has more than 170 hectares (420 acres) of haskap plantation.
Haskap is the most popular berry among local people. They even put it on the community emblem.
The base already selected 12 winter-hardy (the temperatures in winter can be lower -45 С in the Tomsk region) very productive (up to 7 kg/a 5-7 year bush) haskap varieties. Some new varities are also coming in several years. 
Among the varities are:
The giant of Bakchar

Bakchar's glory
Narymskaya
Siberian
Ugana
Chulymskaya
5. The Russian Far East varities.


Try to plant honeyberry in your garden!

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Брюс Стерлинг